BASIC DOGMATIC TEACHINGAn Orthodox Handbookby Protopresbyter Fr. Anthony Alevizopoulos (1931 – 1996)Dr. of Theology, Dr. of Philosophy
Chapter 11 - The All-Holy Mother of all the world
1. The Virgin Mary in the Old TestamentAs we have already mentioned, the entire period of the Old Testament is a period of expectation, for the «offspring of the woman» (Genesis 3:15).The Prophet Isaiah receives an instruction from God to speak to Achaz, the king of the Judeans and warn him to take precautions, but without being afraid of any attack on Jerusalem by Kings Phakee and Raasson:«..."for when my fierce anger comes, I will heal again"...», i.e., when the justified wrath of My anger is realized, I again shall protect you, said the Lord (Isaiah 7:4)Per God's instruction, the Prophet tells Achaz to «Ask for yourself a sign of the Lord your God, in depth or in height» (Isaiah 7:10-11) - that is, miraculous proof - either in the depths of the earth or even in the heights of heaven - in order to be reassured of the veracity of the prophetic word.